System calls again

Few months ago I created a page with HTML table. For own use basically. Then presented it to the people and found out that it got useful for them. So started improving and improving so it became side project.

Yes, system calls again. I wrote about it in past but yesterday I rewrote code so it now uses Linux source so I can generate tables for far more architectures without need of other computers (either real or emulated).

Next step was work on presentation layer. Old version was just table with added sorting. Things were ugly when scrolled as header was gone. Now it sticks to the top of page so it is easier to note which column relates to which architecture.

Odd/even lines are coloured now which makes is easier to find numbers for syscall.

And speaking of searching — there is filter box now. You can type syscall name (or part of it) there and have table filtered. Same can be done with system call number as well. You used Valgrind and it said that has no idea how to handle syscall 145? Just enter number and you see that it is getresuid(), nfsservctl(), readv(), sched_getscheduler(), setreuid() or setrlimit() — depends which architecture you are testing.

You wonder what that that system call does? There are links to man pages provided.

Go here to check it out and comment here, open a new issue if you found a bug or would like to colaborate. Patches are welcome.

Linaro Connect: interesting hardware

Before going for Linaro Connect I had a plan to look at all those 96boards devices and write some complains/opinions about them. But it would be like shooting fish in a barrel so I decided against. But there were some interesting pieces of hardware there.

One of them was Macchiatobin board from SolidRun. I think that this is same as their Armada 8040 community board but after design changes. Standard Mini-ITX format, quad core Cortex-A72 cpu (with upto 2GHz clock), one normal DIMM slot (max 16GB, ships with 4GB), three Serial-ATA ports, PCI-Express x4 slot, one USB 3.0 port, microSD slot.

UPDATE: SolidRun confirmed – this is final design of their Armada 8040 community board.

Photo (done by Riku Voipio) shows which goodies are available:

Network interfaces from top to bottom are (if I remember correctly):

  • 10GbE (SFP + RJ-45)
  • 10GbE (SFP + RJ-45)
  • 2.5GbE (SFP)
  • 1GbE (RJ-45)

When it comes to software I was told that board is SBSA compliant so any normal distribution should work. Kernel, bootloaders (U-Boot and UEFI) are mainlined.

Price? 350USD. Looks like nice candidate for AArch64 development platform or NAS.

Other device was Gumstix Nodana 96BCE board which is 96boards complaint carrierboard for Intel Joule modules.

On top it looks like typical 96boards device (except USB C port):

But once reversed Intel Joule module is visible:

This is first non-ARM based 96boards device. Maybe even one of most compliant ones. At least from software perspective because when it comes to hardware then module makes it a bit too thick to fit in 96boards CE specification limits.

Note that 96boards Consumer Electronics specification does not require using ARM or AArch64 cpu.

Linaro Connect: Las Vegas sightseeing

One of cool things of being Linaro assignee is going to Linaro Connect conference. This time it was Las Vegas, USA. I was flying Berlin Tegel -> London Heathrow -> Las Vegas. Last part was fun as I met several Linaro folks at the airport ;D

Arrived in Vegas, went to hotel and fall asleep. Sunday was planned for some Ingress playing and for sightseeing. As usual I had several places marked on Google Maps to make things easier.

So Sunday… It was really Sun day. I took some water with me and refueled several times during day just to stay hydrated. With Las Vegas climate I was not even felt sweety as it vaporated right away…

But let’s start from beginning. I walked few hundred meters from hotel and caught public transport bus which took me to Freemont Street (or somewhere around). When I walked I felt like the only person on the Earth or in a no-go zone. There was basically no one on the street. After some walking and few photos I got asked something like “who are you and what you are doing here???” from security guy. It turned out that some part of Freemont Street (and surroundings) were closed due to some arts/music festival. I probably missed some ‘no entry’ plate…

Anyway I did not get any problems and was pointed where the gate is. Walked around, saw some places, bought souvenirs (including fridge magnet to my collection), another water bottles and decided to walk to another point on my map.

Yes, it may feel strange but I walked. And walked. And walked. Then Arts district happened.

OMG it was awesome. Deserted streets, shops with some retro furniture/stuff, shops with some crazy junk, shop with wax figures from Last Supper etc. But the best part was murals and graffitis. Lot of them, different styles and quality. I spent about 2 hours just walking there and taking photos.

Next step was the Strip. All those big hotel/casino buildings. At Circus Circus I found room with arcade machines and spent 25 cents on Galaga. In Venetian I looked at their version of Venice canals (have to go to Venice and compare one day :D). Few minutes later I saw Eiffel tower (or rather miniature version of it). Decided to skip searching for copy of Statue of Liberty and instead crossed street and went to take a look at Bellagio fountains show. Have to admit that it was nice. I saw three shows (had to sort few things around) and then took a cab back to the hotel.

More photos in Google Photos album

Linaro Connect: good to be back

One of things you do while you are at Linaro is going to Linaro Connect conferences. My previous one was 2012 Copenhagen one so it was good to be back.

All those people from different companies or projects… Some faces I recognized, some not. Several people recognized me, some said that my beard complicated it. Fun ;D

Discussions about random things, random hacking (not all Snow chromebooks are the same), talks to attend, talks to give…

And speaking of speaking — our team had a speak about OpenStack on AArch64. It was recorded but volume level is very low.

Complaining. Sure, there was some. And I got my badge upgraded just to show all those impersonators that I am back.

bagde with the main complainer text on it

There was jetlag as usual so I was a bit of excluded from evening events but those which I attended were great. Like team dinner with the Big Kahuna cheeseburger (with Sprite to drink).

Next year I have to organize trip in a way that I would do some personal sightseeing on a week before conference. According to rumours it would be in one of areas where I have some places to visit ;D

Downgrading Fedora ‘rawhide’ -> Fedora 24

Time to downgrade my main desktop finally came. This time I decided to provide more details about process as my system uses Rawhide with set of external repositories (RPM Fusion (official + my rebuilds), few COPR ones etc).

So first step is to enable caching because dnf by default erases all downloaded packages. And downgrade involves fetching many of them. Edit ‘/etc/dnf/dnf.conf’ file and add “keepcache=1” line there.

First try:

10:48 root@puchatek:hrw# dnf --releasever 24 --disablerepo rawhide --enablerepo fedora --enablerepo updates  distro-sync  --best --allowerasing
Error: package python2-deltarpm-3.6-17.fc25.x86_64 requires deltarpm(x86-64) = 3.6-17.fc25, but none of the providers can be installed.
package libcrypt-nss-2.24.90-6.fc26.x86_64 requires glibc(x86-64) = 2.24.90-6.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
package gmp-c++-1:6.1.1-1.fc25.x86_64 requires gmp(x86-64) = 1:6.1.1-1.fc25, but none of the providers can be installed.
package iproute-tc-4.7.0-1.fc26.x86_64 requires iproute(x86-64) = 4.7.0-1.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
package ffmpeg-libs-3.1.1-1.fc26.x86_64 requires libvpx.so.4()(64bit), but none of the providers can be installed.
package pcre-cpp-8.39-3.fc26.x86_64 requires pcre(x86-64) = 8.39-3.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
package perl-libintl-perl-1.26-1.fc25.x86_64 requires perl(:MODULE_COMPAT_5.24.0), but none of the providers can be installed.
package python3-rpm-4.13.0-0.rc1.46.fc26.x86_64 requires rpm(x86-64) = 4.13.0-0.rc1.46.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
package systemd-pam-231-4.fc26.x86_64 requires systemd = 231-4.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
package libvirt-libs-2.2.0-1.fc26.x86_64 requires libxenlight.so.4.7()(64bit), but none of the providers can be installed.
package glibc-2.24.90-6.fc26.i686 requires glibc-common = 2.24.90-6.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
package python2-rpm-4.13.0-0.rc1.46.fc26.x86_64 requires rpm(x86-64) = 4.13.0-0.rc1.46.fc26, but none of the providers can be installed.
nothing provides libhogweed.so.2()(64bit) needed by ffmpeg-libs-2.6.3-1.fc22.x86_64.
package ffmpeg-libs-3.1.1-1.fc26.x86_64 requires libvpx.so.4()(64bit), but none of the providers can be installed

As you see there is set of blockers. One of them is “ffmpeg-libs” from RPM Fusion, others are from normal Fedora repositories. One of reasons can be that packages got split/renamed since F24. Let’s try to handle some of them:

10:52 root@puchatek:hrw# dnf --releasever 24 --disablerepo rawhide --enablerepo fedora --enablerepo updates --best --allowerasing downgrade rpm glibc
Dependencies resolved.
================================================================================
 Package                      Arch     Version                 Repository  Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 rpm-python                   x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora     102 k
 rpm-python3                  x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora     102 k
Removing:
 libcrypt-nss                 i686     2.24.90-6.fc26          @rawhide    34 k
 libcrypt-nss                 x86_64   2.24.90-6.fc26          @rawhide    36 k
 python2-rpm                  x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.46.fc26    @rawhide   182 k
 python3-rpm                  x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.46.fc26    @rawhide   190 k
Downgrading:
 glibc                        i686     2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    4.3 M
 glibc                        x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    3.6 M
 glibc-common                 x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    862 k
 glibc-devel                  i686     2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    936 k
 glibc-devel                  x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    936 k
 glibc-headers                x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    501 k
 glibc-langpack-en            x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    276 k
 glibc-langpack-pl            x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    133 k
 glibc-static                 x86_64   2.23.1-10.fc24          updates    1.5 M
 rpm                          x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora     513 k
 rpm-build                    x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora     139 k
 rpm-build-libs               x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora     117 k
 rpm-libs                     x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora     295 k
 rpm-plugin-selinux           x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora      54 k
 rpm-plugin-systemd-inhibit   x86_64   4.13.0-0.rc1.27.fc24    fedora      54 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install     2 Packages
Remove      4 Packages
Downgrade  15 Packages

Total download size: 14 M
Is this ok [y/N]: 

Went fine. So next set of blockers goes:

10:54 root@puchatek:hrw# dnf --releasever 24 --disablerepo rawhide --enablerepo fedora --enablerepo updates --best --allowerasing downgrade *deltarpm* gmp* iproute*
Dependencies resolved.
================================================================================
 Package                 Arch         Version              Repository      Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 python-deltarpm         x86_64       3.6-15.fc24          fedora          37 k
Removing:
 gmp-c++                 x86_64       1:6.1.1-1.fc25       @rawhide        23 k
 iproute-tc              x86_64       4.7.0-1.fc26         @rawhide       660 k
 python2-deltarpm        x86_64       3.6-17.fc25          @rawhide        44 k
Downgrading:
 deltarpm                x86_64       3.6-15.fc24          fedora          89 k
 gmp                     i686         1:6.1.1-1.fc24       updates        305 k
 gmp                     x86_64       1:6.1.1-1.fc24       updates        315 k
 gmp-devel               x86_64       1:6.1.1-1.fc24       updates        185 k
 iproute                 x86_64       4.4.0-3.fc24         fedora         658 k
 iptables                x86_64       1.4.21-16.fc24       fedora         425 k
 iptables-services       x86_64       1.4.21-16.fc24       fedora          53 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install    1 Package
Remove     3 Packages
Downgrade  7 Packages

Total download size: 2.0 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/8): deltarpm-3.6-15.fc24.x86_64.rpm          139 kB/s |  89 kB     00:00    
(2/8): gmp-6.1.1-1.fc24.x86_64.rpm              384 kB/s | 315 kB     00:00    
(3/8): gmp-6.1.1-1.fc24.i686.rpm                320 kB/s | 305 kB     00:00    
(4/8): gmp-devel-6.1.1-1.fc24.x86_64.rpm        445 kB/s | 185 kB     00:00    
(5/8): iptables-services-1.4.21-16.fc24.x86_64. 437 kB/s |  53 kB     00:00    
(6/8): python-deltarpm-3.6-15.fc24.x86_64.rpm   303 kB/s |  37 kB     00:00    
(7/8): iptables-1.4.21-16.fc24.x86_64.rpm       1.0 MB/s | 425 kB     00:00    
(8/8): iproute-4.4.0-3.fc24.x86_64.rpm          1.1 MB/s | 658 kB     00:00    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                           475 kB/s | 2.0 MB     00:04     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
The downloaded packages were saved in cache until the next successful transaction.
You can remove cached packages by executing 'dnf clean packages'.
Error: Transaction check error:
  file /usr/lib64/libip4tc.so.0.1.0 from install of iptables-1.4.21-16.fc24.x86_64 conflicts with file from package iptables-libs-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64
  file /usr/lib64/libip6tc.so.0.1.0 from install of iptables-1.4.21-16.fc24.x86_64 conflicts with file from package iptables-libs-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64
  file /usr/lib64/libiptc.so.0.0.0 from install of iptables-1.4.21-16.fc24.x86_64 conflicts with file from package iptables-libs-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64

Error Summary
-------------

So let’s go level deeper with packaging:

10:56 root@puchatek:packages# rpm -e iptables-libs
error: Failed dependencies:
        iptables-libs(x86-64) = 1.6.0-2.fc25 is needed by (installed) iptables-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64
        libip4tc.so.0()(64bit) is needed by (installed) iptables-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64
        libip4tc.so.0()(64bit) is needed by (installed) systemd-231-4.fc26.x86_64
        libip4tc.so.0()(64bit) is needed by (installed) systemd-container-231-4.fc26.x86_64
        libip6tc.so.0()(64bit) is needed by (installed) iptables-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64
        libxtables.so.11()(64bit) is needed by (installed) iptables-1.6.0-2.fc25.x86_64
        libxtables.so.11()(64bit) is needed by (installed) iproute-tc-4.7.0-1.fc26.x86_64
10:57 root@puchatek:packages# rpm -e iptables-libs --nodeps iproute-tc
10:57 root@puchatek:packages# rpm --oldpackage -U iptables-1.4.21-16.fc24.x86_64.rpm

And repeat previous dnf command as it works this time.

So next set of blockers has to go:

11:00 root@puchatek:packages# dnf --releasever 24 --disablerepo rawhide --enablerepo fedora --enablerepo updates --best --allowerasing downgrade systemd* libvirt* pcre*
Dependencies resolved.
================================================================================
 Package                           Arch     Version            Repository  Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 systemd-compat-libs               x86_64   229-13.fc24        updates    152 k
Removing:
 libvirt-libs                      x86_64   2.2.0-1.fc26       @rawhide    22 M
 pcre-cpp                          x86_64   8.39-3.fc26        @rawhide    39 k
 perl-Sys-Virt                     x86_64   2.2.0-1.fc26       @rawhide   824 k
 systemd-pam                       x86_64   231-4.fc26         @rawhide   282 k
Downgrading:
 libvirt                           x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     47 k
 libvirt-client                    x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    4.4 M
 libvirt-daemon                    x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    619 k
 libvirt-daemon-config-network     x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     47 k
 libvirt-daemon-config-nwfilter    x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     50 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-interface   x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     90 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-libxl       x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    163 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-lxc         x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    724 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-network     x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    241 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-nodedev     x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     89 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-nwfilter    x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    114 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-qemu        x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    528 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-secret      x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     82 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-storage     x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    274 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-uml         x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     98 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-vbox        x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    197 k
 libvirt-daemon-driver-xen         x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates    161 k
 libvirt-daemon-kvm                x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     46 k
 libvirt-daemon-qemu               x86_64   1.3.3.2-1.fc24     updates     46 k
 libvirt-python                    x86_64   1.3.3-3.fc24       updates    255 k
 pcre                              i686     8.39-3.fc24        updates    413 k
 pcre                              x86_64   8.39-3.fc24        updates    404 k
 pcre-devel                        x86_64   8.39-3.fc24        updates    544 k
 pcre2                             x86_64   10.21-6.fc24       updates    414 k
 qemu                              x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates     63 k
 qemu-common                       x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    323 k
 qemu-img                          x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    828 k
 qemu-kvm                          x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates     62 k
 qemu-system-aarch64               x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    2.5 M
 qemu-system-alpha                 x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.9 M
 qemu-system-arm                   x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    2.5 M
 qemu-system-cris                  x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.4 M
 qemu-system-lm32                  x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.4 M
 qemu-system-m68k                  x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.9 M
 qemu-system-microblaze            x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    2.7 M
 qemu-system-mips                  x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    8.4 M
 qemu-system-moxie                 x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.4 M
 qemu-system-or32                  x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.4 M
 qemu-system-ppc                   x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    6.8 M
 qemu-system-s390x                 x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.7 M
 qemu-system-sh4                   x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    3.7 M
 qemu-system-sparc                 x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    3.3 M
 qemu-system-tricore               x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.4 M
 qemu-system-unicore32             x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    1.4 M
 qemu-system-x86                   x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    4.5 M
 qemu-system-xtensa                x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    2.7 M
 qemu-user                         x86_64   2:2.6.1-1.fc24     updates    8.3 M
 systemd                           x86_64   229-13.fc24        updates    5.1 M
 systemd-container                 x86_64   229-13.fc24        updates    1.0 M
 systemd-devel                     x86_64   229-13.fc24        updates    288 k
 systemd-libs                      i686     229-13.fc24        updates    482 k
 systemd-libs                      x86_64   229-13.fc24        updates    457 k
 systemd-udev                      x86_64   229-13.fc24        updates    1.2 M
 xen-libs                          x86_64   4.6.3-4.fc24       updates    574 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install     1 Package
Remove      4 Packages
Downgrade  54 Packages

Total download size: 80 M
Is this ok [y/N]:

[..]

Error: Transaction check error:
  file /usr/lib64/libpcre32.so.0.0.7 from install of pcre-8.39-3.fc24.x86_64 conflicts with file from package pcre-utf32-8.39-3.fc26.x86_64
  file /usr/lib64/libpcre16.so.0.2.7 from install of pcre-8.39-3.fc24.x86_64 conflicts with file from package pcre-utf16-8.39-3.fc26.x86_64

Let’s go back to rpm:

11:14 root@puchatek:packages# rpm -e pcre-utf16 pcre-utf32 --nodeps  
11:14 root@puchatek:packages# dnf --releasever 24 --disablerepo rawhide --enablerepo fedora --enablerepo updates --best --allowerasing downgrade -y "pcre*"    
Dependencies resolved.
================================================================================
 Package            Arch           Version               Repository        Size
================================================================================
Removing:
 pcre-cpp           x86_64         8.39-3.fc26           @rawhide          39 k
Downgrading:
 pcre               i686           8.39-3.fc24           updates          413 k
 pcre               x86_64         8.39-3.fc24           updates          404 k
 pcre-devel         x86_64         8.39-3.fc24           updates          544 k
 pcre2              x86_64         10.21-6.fc24          updates          414 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Remove     1 Package
Downgrade  4 Packages

Total size: 1.7 M
Downloading Packages:
[..]
Complete!

Now previous dnf command succeddes.

Last blocker is “perl-libintl-perl” package. In F24 it was named “perl-libintl” so dnf is not able to handle downgrading. Simplest way is removal of it. Will install removed packages later.

11:23 root@puchatek:packages# dnf remove perl-libintl-perl                      Dependencies resolved.
================================================================================
 Package                      Arch   Version                     Repository
                                                                           Size
================================================================================
Removing:
 libpaper                     x86_64 1.1.24-12.fc24              @rawhide  83 k
 mutt                         x86_64 5:1.7.0-1.fc26              @rawhide 5.4 M
 perl-Class-Inspector         noarch 1.28-15.fc25                @rawhide  57 k
 perl-Class-Method-Modifiers  noarch 2.12-3.fc25                 @rawhide 100 k
 perl-Class-MethodMaker       x86_64 2.24-6.fc25                 @rawhide  20 M
 perl-Convert-BinHex          noarch 1.125-3.fc25                @rawhide  98 k
 perl-Data-Perl               noarch 0.002009-7.fc25             @rawhide  89 k
 perl-Devel-GlobalDestruction noarch 0.13-7.fc25                 @rawhide  17 k
 perl-Exporter-Tiny           noarch 0.042-6.fc25                @rawhide  78 k
 perl-File-ShareDir           noarch 1.102-7.fc25                @rawhide  19 k
 perl-Filter-Simple           noarch 0.92-365.fc25               @rawhide  50 k
 perl-GnuPG-Interface         noarch 0.52-5.fc25                 @rawhide 136 k
 perl-Import-Into             noarch 1.002005-3.fc25             @rawhide  20 k
 perl-List-MoreUtils          x86_64 0.416-1.fc25                @rawhide 200 k
 perl-MIME-tools              noarch 5.508-1.fc26                @rawhide 508 k
 perl-MailTools               noarch 2.18-2.fc25                 @rawhide 193 k
 perl-Moo                     noarch 2.002004-1.fc25             @rawhide 180 k
 perl-MooX-HandlesVia         noarch 0.001008-6.fc25             @rawhide  43 k
 perl-MooX-late               noarch 0.015-9.fc25                @rawhide  37 k
 perl-Net-IDN-Encode          x86_64 2.300-4.fc25                @rawhide 292 k
 perl-Role-Tiny               noarch 2.000003-3.fc25             @rawhide  39 k
 perl-SelfLoader              noarch 1.23-378.fc26               @rawhide  23 k
 perl-Text-Balanced           noarch 2.03-365.fc25               @rawhide 153 k
 perl-Type-Tiny               noarch 1.000005-7.fc25             @rawhide 581 k
 perl-Unicode-EastAsianWidth  noarch 1.33-8.fc25                 @rawhide  13 k
 perl-libintl-perl            x86_64 1.26-1.fc25                 @rawhide 4.2 M
 perl-strictures              noarch 2.000003-2.fc25             @rawhide  34 k
 pgp-tools                    x86_64 2.2-3.fc25                  @rawhide 449 k
 texinfo                      x86_64 6.1-3.fc25                  @rawhide 4.5 M
 tokyocabinet                 x86_64 1.4.48-6.fc24               @rawhide 1.3 M
 urlview                      x86_64 0.9-19.20131022git08767a.fc24
                                                                 @rawhide  49 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Remove  31 Packages

Installed size: 39 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y

Ok. All blockers removed. Time to call distro-sync:

11:24 root@puchatek:packages# dnf --releasever 24 --disablerepo rawhide --enablerepo fedora --enablerepo updates  distro-sync  --best --allowerasing

[.. long list of packages ..]

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      11 Packages
Upgrade      13 Packages
Remove        4 Packages
Downgrade  2224 Packages

Total size: 2.1 G
Total download size: 2.1 G
Is this ok [y/N]:

[..]
Error: Transaction check error:
  file /usr/lib64/liblua-5.3.so from install of lua-5.3.3-2.fc24.x86_64 conflicts with file from package lua-libs-5.3.3-3.fc25.x86_64

This is less fun… RPM needs Lua to work. So I went around. Unpacked Lua package from F24, then “rpm -e –nodeps lua-libs” and copied “lib64” from just unpacked package directly into system. Then downgraded “lua” using dnf.

Next step? Distro sync of course. This time it works. Now kernel needs to be taken care of.

I had 4.6.0 kernel installed from I have no idea when. Booted it and it allowed me to remove all “4.8-rc” kernels I got from rawhide. Then simple “dnf install kernel” to get 4.7.2 from updates repo and after one more reboot I got:

15:52 hrw@puchatek:~$ lsb_release -a
LSB Version:    :core-4.1-amd64:core-4.1-noarch:cxx-4.1-amd64:cxx-4.1-noarch:desktop-4.1-amd64:desktop-4.1-noarch:languages-4.1-amd64:languages-4.1-noarch:printing-4.1-amd64:printing-4.1-noarch
Distributor ID: Fedora
Description:    Fedora release 24 (Twenty Four)
Release:        24
Codename:       TwentyFour

As you see it took far more time than I expected it will. I learnt that ‘keepcache’ is not enabled (had to fetch 2GB of packages again), found ‘minrate’ dnf config option which helps me avoid slow Austrian mirror.

PowerVR is other way to say headless

Yesterday Acer announced convertible Chromebook R13, first MediaTek powered Chromebook. With AArch64 cpu cores. And PowerVR GPU.

As it was in the evening I did not notice PowerVR part and got excited. Finally some AArch64 Chromebook which people will be able to buy and do some development on. Specs were nice: 4GB of memory, 16/32/64GB of emmc storage, 13.3″ FullHD touchscreen display. But why they use that GPU :((

There are few graphics processing units in ARM/AArch64 world. Some of them have FOSS drivers (Ardeno, Tegra, Vivante), some are used with 2D units (Mali) and some just sucks (PowerVR).

Mali is kind of lost case as no one works on free driver for it (so-called “lima” looks like ARM Ltd secret task to get people from trying to do anything) but as it is paired with 2D unit users have working display. And there are binary blobs from ARM Ltd to get 3D acceleration working.

But PowerVR? I never heard about anyone working on free driver for it. I remember that it was used in Texas Instruments OMAP line. And that after few kernel releases it just stopped working when TI fired whole OMAP4 team so no one worked on getting it working with binary blobs.

So now MediaTek used it to make cpu for Chromebook… Sure it will work under ChromeOS as Google is good at keeping one kernel version for ages (my 2012 Samsung Chromebook still runs 3.8.11 one) so blobs will work. But good luck with it under other distributions and mainline kernel.

Heh, even Raspberry/Pi has working free driver nowadays…

Twenty five years of Linux

As I came back from PTO I had to dig into work mails. One of threads was about 25 years of Linux and there was a question “which was your first kernel” and I thought that it may be not an easy question to answer.

For me first was 2.0.2[6-8] (do not remember) on some Uni server where I got my first Linux account (normally used SunOS and text terminal). I remember that there was simple root exploit we used.

Then 2.0.36 on my Amiga 1200 (Debian ‘slink’) was first I run on my hardware.

2.2.10 was first I used for longer as it was Debian ‘potato’ m68k one.

2.3.47 was first I cross compiled (on i686/linux for m68k/linux). And it worked!

2.4.0-test5 was first I built for my x86 desktop once I moved from Amiga/AmigaOS to PC/Debian. I had Duron/600 desktop and old 386 desktop both running same version. Duron got newer ones later, 386 stayed with this one for about year when I returned it.

When I bougth Sharp Zaurus SL-5500 PDA 2.4.18-rmk7-pxa3-embeddix was running on it. So this is my first Linux version on mobile device. Next jump was 2.6.11 on Zaurus c760 as first 2.6 one on mobile.

During OpenZaurus maintaince I started upstreaming kernel patches. 2.6.17 was first with my patches in.

When I had that strange ProGear webpad I wrote backlight for it (based on someone’s code) and 2.6.21 was first with my driver in (and I removed it in 3.7).

Goodbye rawhide

During Flock I decided to start removing rawhide from my main development systems. Got too tired of funny things like X11 freezes , common applications segfaults or non-reacting programs. I had to create F24 virtual machine just to get LibreOffice Impress running to finish my slides…

So laptop went first:

19:51 root@kapturek:~# LANGUAGE=C dnf --releasever 24 distro-sync --allowerasing
[..]
Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      12 Packages
Upgrade     180 Packages
Remove       10 Packages
Downgrade  1330 Packages

Once it will be done and tested working I will do same with my main desktop. Then no more rawhide on my desktop/laptops. For development boards/servers I will keep rawhide but only there.

AArch64 desktop hardware?

Soon there will be four years since I started working on AArch64 architecture. Lot of software things changed during that time. Lot in a hardware too. But machines availability still sucks badly.

In 2012 all we had was software model. It was slow, terribly slow. Common joke was AArch64 developers standing in a queue for 10GHz x86-64 cpus. So I was generating working binaries by using cross compilation. But many distributions only do native builds. In models. Imagine Qt4 building for 3-4 days…

In 2013 I got access to first server hardware. With first silicon version of CPU. Highly unstable, we could use just one core etc. GCC was crashing like hell but we managed to get stable build results from it. Qt4 was building in few hours now.

Then amount of hardware at Red Hat was growing and growing. Farms of APM Mustangs, AMD Seattle and several other servers appeared, got racked and available to use. In 2014 one Mustang even landed on my desk (as first such machine in Poland).

But this was server land. Each of those machines costed about 1000 USD (if not more). And availability was hard too.

Linaro tried to do something about it and created 96boards project.

First came ‘Consumer Edition’ range. Yet another small form factor boards with functionality stripped as much as possible. No Ethernet, no storage other than emmc/usb, low amount of memory, chips taken from mobile phones etc. But it was selling! But only because people were hungry to get ANYTHING with AArch64 cores. First was HiKey then DragonBoard410 got released. Then few other boards. All with same set of issues: non-mainline kernel, weird bootloaders, binary blobs for this or that…

Then so called ‘Enterprise Edition’ got announced. With another ridiculous form factor (and microATX as an option). And that was it. There was a leak of Husky board which shown how fucked up design it was. Ports all around the edges, memory above and under board and of course incompatible with any industrial form factor. I would like to know what they were smoking…

Time passed by. Husky got forgotten for another year. Then Cello was announced as a “new EE 96boards board” while it looked as redesigned Husky with two SATA ports less (because who needs more than two SATA, right?). Last time I heard about Cello it was still ‘maybe soon, maybe another two weeks’. Prototypes looked like hand soldered, USB controller mounted rotated, dead on-board Ethernet etc.

In meantime we got few devices from other companies. Pine64 had big campaign on Kickstarter and shipped to developers. Hardkernel started selling ODROID-C2, Geekbox released their TV box and probably something else got released as well. But all those boards were limited to 1-2GB of memory, often lacked SATA and used mobile processors with their own set of bootloaders etc causing extra work for distributions.

Overdrive 1000 was announced. Without any options for expansion it looked like SoftIron wanted customers to buy Overdrive 3000 if they want to use PCI Express card.

So we have 2016 now. Four years of my work on AArch64 passed. Most of distributions support this architecture by building on proper servers but most of this effort is not used because developers do not have sane hardware to play with (sane means expandable, supported by distributions, capable).

There is no standard form factor mainboards (mini-itx, microATX, ATX) available on mass market. 96boards failed here, server vendors are not interested, small Chinese companies prefer to release yet-another-fruit/Pi with mobile processor. Nothing, null, nada, nic.

Developers know where to buy normal computer cases, storage, memory, graphics cards, USB controllers, SATA controllers and peripherals. So vendors do not have to worry/deal with this part. But still there is nothing to put those cards into. No mainboards which can be mounted into normal PC case, have some graphics plugged in, few SSD/HDD connected, mouse/keyboard, monitors and just be used.

Sometimes it is really hard to convince software developers to make changes for platform they are unable to test on. And current hardware situation does not help. All those projects of hardware being available “in a cloud” helps only for subset of projects — ever tried to run GNOME/KDE session over the network? With OpenGL acceleration etc?

So where is my AArch64 workstation? In desktop or laptop form.

Post written after my Google+ post where similar discussion happened in comments.

My work on changing CirrOS images

What is CirrOS and why I was working on it? This was quite common question when I mentioned what I am working on during last weeks.

So, CirrOS is small image to run in a cloud. OpenStack developers use it to test their projects.

Technically it is yet another Frankenstein OS. Built using Buildroot 2015.05 uses uclibc or glibc (depending on target architecture). Then Ubuntu 16.04 kernel is applied on top and “grub” (also from Ubuntu) is used to make it bootable.

The problem was that it was not done in UEFI bootable way…

My first changes were: switch images to GPT, create EFI system partition and put some bootloader there. I first used CentOS “grub2-efi” packages (as they provided ready to use EFI binaries) and later switched to Ubuntu ones as upstream maintainer (Scott Moser) prefers to have all external binaries to came from one source.

When he was on vacations (so merge request had to wait) I started digging more and more into scripts.

Fixed getopt use as arguments passed between scripts were read partly via getopt, partially by assigning variables to ${X} (where X is a number).

All scripts were moved to use Bash (as /bin/sh in Ubuntu is usually Dash which is minimalist POSIX shell), whitespace got unified between all scripts and some other stuff happened as well.

At one moment all scripts had 1835 lines and my diff was 2250 lines (+1018/-603) long. Hopefully Scott was back and we got most of that stuff merged.

Recent (2016.07.21) images are available and work fine on all platforms. If someone uses them with OpenStack then please remember about setting “short_id” property to “ubuntu16.04” — otherwise there may be a problem with finding rootfs (no virtio-scsi in disk images).

Summary:

architecture booting before booting after
aarch64 direct kernel UEFI or direct kernel
arm direct kernel UEFI or direct kernel
i386 BIOS or direct kernel BIOS, UEFI or direct kernel
powerpc direct kernel direct kernel
ppc64 direct kernel direct kernel
ppc64le direct kernel direct kernel
x86-64 BIOS or direct kernel BIOS, UEFI or direct kernel